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Comet Hale-Bopp

The Comet Hale-Bopp, named after its amateur discovers, was found near the globular cluster M70 in Sagittarius [1].  Calculations of its orbit placed the comet at approximately 7 astronomical units from the Sun (1 A. U. being the distance from the Earth to the Sun) at the time of its discovery.  This placed the comet beyond Jupiter and farther out than any comet ever discovered by amateurs -- a record which continues to hold.           

This implied that Comet Hale-Bopp might be a much larger comet than the norm, and thus was reflecting enough of the Sun's light to be visible at the greater distance.  To avoid recognition of this potentially unpleasant fact of Hale-Bopp being an unusually large comet, astronomers first conceived of the idea that the comet was undergoing some sort of light outburst, which would thus allow it to be seen at a distance of 7 A.U.  However, subsequent investigations into plates taken in April 1993 resulted in this vain hope being dissipated.  In the end, astronomers were forced to conclude that Comet Hale-Bopp was probably an exceptionally large comet, possibly on a lunar or planetary scale.  As such, its coming encounter with the Earth might have been of considerably greater significance.           

According to the report in Sky & Telescope [1], Hale-Bopp was traveling in a highly elongated elliptical path with an aphelion (the furthest distance from the Sun) of more than ten times that of Pluto's orbit.  Hoagland then noted [2] that this implied an orbital period of some 3200 years.  Because of the lack of precision in calculating the orbit, Hoagland expected an upward revision of the figure such that the orbital period of Hale-Bopp would be closer to 3600 years.  This would then have corresponded to the alleged planet Nibiru, which Zecharia Sitchin [3] believes to be the planet from which the ancient Sumerian gods, the Anunnaki, originally came.             

As it turned out, Hale-Bopp was not Nibiru, and in fact because of the Nibiru Cycle, would have been highly unlikely to have been associated with it.  (But this did not dissuade others from identifying Nibiru with Planet X (due in May, 2003).  

In March-April, 1996, Comet Hale-Bopp crossed the Plane of the Elliptic on the far side of Jupiter, at a distance of approximately 70 million miles from the giant planet [4].  During this time, the comet passed through the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (and again passed through the same plane in May 1997).  According to Brian Marsden [5], “the comet’s last perihelion passage occurred some 4200 years ago, while its return after 1997 will be some 3400 years hence.  If the influence of nongravitational forces as the comet approaches perihelion in 1997 remains negligible, the currently available ephemeris should have a maximum error no larger than 2 arc minutes.”  

In the ESO/JPL ephemeris calculated for Hale-Bopp and updated as of April 10, 1997 [4], the “original orbital period before entering planetary system = 4206 years”, and the “future orbital period after exiting planetary system = 2380 years.”  Yeomans also stated that the “difference between the inbound and outbound orbital periods is due primarily to an approach to Jupiter (0.77 AU) in April 1996.”  Yeomans’ statement, of course, does not account for Marsden’s intermediate calculation of 3400 years.  One might thus conclude that Comet Hale-Bopp made two major course corrections.  This is in addition to the 58 corrections (as of April 10, 1997) of the ESO/JPL ephemeris.  Furthermore, the implied suggestion that Jupiter deflected Comet Hale-Bopp from a 4206 year orbit to a 2380 one -- while in an “approach” of more than 70 million miles -- can clearly not be assigned to gravitational forces alone.  

The inescapable conclusion is that contrary to Marsden’s assumption of the “influence of nongravitational forces” remaining “negligible”, Comet Hale-Bopp apparently experienced major nongravitational forces as it approached the Sun, and again as it passed through the Plane of the Elliptic on its way to departing the inner planetary system on its (at last count) 2380 year journey before its next perihelion.   

The very relevant question that Comet Hale-Bopp’s orbital changes pose concerns the nature of the “nongravitational forces” influencing it, and whether or not these are purely electromagnetic (i.e. the comet may have an unusually large electromagnetic field in its own right).  Or whether these forces are in some manner based on Sacred Geometry, and/or Hyperdimensional Physics as well.  

There is also the concern that based on the performance of the Comet Shoemaker-Levy and its fatal attraction to Jupiter, that there is a real potential for Earth having a similar encounter with a comet.  How accurate will any predictions be in the future -- and of even more concern, will the word on its arrival be forthcoming?  

Chronicles of Earth         Near-Earth Objects         Sun, Stand Thou Still

Forward to:

Comet Shoemaker-Levy          Planet X

Nibiru Cycle         A Glancing Blow         The Party’s Over



[1]  “Bright Outlook for Comet Hale-Bopp”, Sky & Telescope, October 1995, page 10.

[2]  Richard C. Hoagland, “Mars and Moon Anomalies,” Presentation at the International Forum on New Science, Fort Collins, Colorado, September 1995.

[3]  Zecharia Sitchin, The 12th Planet (1976), The Wars of Gods and Men (1985), When Time Began (1993), Avon Books, New York.

[4]  Don Yeomans, Orbit and Ephemeris Information for Comet 1995 01 Hale-Bopp, 1997.

[5] Brian Marsden, International Astronomical Union Circular, 6287, Wash, DC, 1996.



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